Two diamond bracelets that once belonged to Queen Marie Antoinette of France sold for more than $ 8 million at an auction in Switzerland.
They were bought by an anonymous buyer who had participated in the auction over the phone.
Marie Antoinette sent the jewels to another place for protection before being executed by guillotine during the French Revolution.
Both bracelets were smuggled abroad and remained in the hands of his family for more than 200 years.
The bracelet, which features 112 old cut diamonds, was the first to be auctioned.
They were sold at more than double the expected price.
“These bracelets took the time to narrate the most important period in French history, the age of glory and events,” said François Corrielle, head of the European section of the Christie’s auction.
Marie Antoinette was born in Austria in 1755, and was sent to France to marry Louis XVI, the future king.
Marie Antoinette was executed by guillotine in 1793, a few months after her husband. He increasingly lost his popularity among the French because the people accused him of extravagance and unhealthy influence over the king.
While in prison, Marie Antoinette sent a letter in which she lent a wooden box of jewelry for safekeeping.
According to Christie’s auction, his surviving daughter, Marie-Thérèse Charlotte, received the jewelry upon arrival in Austria.
Learn more about Marie Antoinette, the last queen of France
Marie Antoinette helped spark the unrest that led to the French Revolution and was one of those who led to the final fall of the monarchy in August 1792.
Marie Antoinette was born in 1755 in Vienna, Austria. She was the last queen of France and played a significant role in fueling the unrest of the Revolution. Marie Antoinette had become a symbol of luxury and luxury. There is a famous story about him who said in response to the government officials’ protest that people do not have bread to eat: “Let them eat cake.”
We do not know if this story ever happened or not, but it was his lifestyle that helped make up such stories about him. Nine months after his 16th wife, he was beheaded by order of the leaders of the French Revolution. He was only 37 at the time. Take a tour of the Palace of Versailles in France, where most of Marie Antoinette’s life was spent, and learn about her story.
Daughter of Marie Antoinette
In 1778, Marie Antoinette gave birth to her only daughter, Marie-Thérèse Charlotte. A year earlier, his mother had heard rumors that the queen and the king’s marriage had not yet been formalized and that they had not had intercourse. That’s why Marie-Thérèse sent Marie Antoinette’s older brother to France to advise him. Although we do not know what conversations took place between them, the result was positive and the first child of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette was born the following year.
Let them eat cake
As we have said, Marie Antoinette is known by this sentence. The story is that when, at the beginning of the revolution in 1789, the news of the famine and lack of bread reached Marie Antoinette, the queen said, “Let them eat brioche (a kind of French pastry).”
There is no evidence for this claim, and many historians believe; Saying such cruel words from the mouth of the Queen of France was considered a great rudeness and this sentence could not belong to her. Despite her luxurious lifestyle, Marie Antoinette also helped charities and was interested in her country’s middle class. Some historians claim that this sentence dates back to Queen Marie-Thérèse of Spain and the wife of Louis XIV.
Family and early life
Marie Antoinette is the 15th and last child of Maria Theresa and her husband; Francis I was emperor of Austria. He had a relatively carefree childhood. Her education was typically that of an eighteenth-century aristocratic girl, and she focused more on religion and moral principles.
Maintaining a fragile peace after the Seven Years’ War between Austria and France in 1763 had become the first priority of Queen Maria Theresa. To this end, he decided to strengthen this alliance by creating a marital bond. This custom was quite common among the European royal families at that time.
Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI
In 1765, Crown Prince Louis XV died. After his death, his eldest son, Louis Auguste, became Crown Prince of France. At the behest of Louis XV, the Crown Prince’s grandfather, Marie Antoinette left Austria for France to marry the future King of France at the age of 14.
In 1768, Louis XV sent a teacher to Austria to teach his grandson’s future wife. The teacher believed that Marie Antoinette was much smarter than she had expected, but because of her laziness and light-heartedness, training her was not easy. Marie Antoinette was a beautiful girl with blue-gray eyes and gray blonde hair. At the age of 14 he left for France in May 1770 to join his wife.
He was accompanied by 57 carriages, 117 men on foot and 376 horses. Marie Antoinette and Louis Auguste were married on May 16, 1770. The young woman was clearly not ready for marriage and could not easily adjust to married life. His numerous and regular letters expressed his deep nostalgia for his family.
“My lady, my dear mother, I have not read any of your letters without shedding tears,” he wrote in one of his letters. He also expresses his dissatisfaction with French customs and writes: “My lipstick and hand washing should be done in front of all people.” When Louis XV died and Louis Augustus ascended the throne, Marie Antoinette, 19, became Queen of France.
The characters of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were very different. Louis was very introverted, shy and hesitant, and enjoyed solo work such as reading and blacksmithing, but Marie Antoinette was very lively and extroverted. He loved attending various gatherings and gatherings. Marie Antoinette was known for her gambling, hosting and attending lavish parties and her interest in fashion.
By the time the king ascended the throne before midnight, Marie Antoinette’s night parties had not yet begun, and when the queen awoke just before noon, the king had gone to work hours earlier.
Since 1780, Marie Antoinette has spent most of her time at Petty Triano; His private palace passed, and he was almost always away from the king. At the same time, rumors were circulating that he was having an affair with a Swedish diplomat.
The title of Marie Antoinette
In the 1780s, many accused Marie Antoinette of ignorance, extreme luxury, and illicit relationships. In those years he wrote under some of the cartoons about him that were published in pamphlets and magazines; Madame Deficit. The adjective deficit refers to someone who has a deficiency.
The French government was in financial crisis at the time. Poor harvesting of agricultural products had drastically increased the price of public food, making Marie Antoinette’s boundless luxury a popular subject for ridicule. In 1785, the scandal of selling a diamond necklace destroyed the Queen’s reputation forever. A thief posing as Marie Antoinette stole a 647 diamond necklace and smuggled it to London to sell in pieces. Although Marie Antoinette had nothing to do with this person, people believed otherwise. He did not care at all about the critical view of the people, so he started to build a village palace near Petit Triano in the gardens of Versailles.
On July 14, 1789, nine hundred Parisian workers and peasants attacked the Basti prison to remove weapons and ammunition. This movement was a kind of initiator of the French Revolution. On October 6 of that year, a crowd of more than 10,000 gathered outside the Palace of Versailles for the King and Queen to return to Paris. After the establishment of the royal family in the Tuileries Palace in Paris, Louis XVI, who was always hesitant and inactive, almost resigned and was replaced by Marie Antoinette.
He met with advisers and ambassadors and sent emergency letters to other European rulers asking them to save the Kingdom of France. According to a plan drawn by Marie Antoinette and her Swedish lover, she and the royal family fled France in June 1791. They were identified and arrested on the way and returned to Paris.
In September of that year, Louis XVI agreed to write a new constitution, approved by the National Assembly, in exchange for at least symbolically retaining power. Finally, in September 1792, after a month of bloody massacres in Paris, the kingdom was overthrown and the French Republic established.
Death of Marie Antoinette
Marie Antoinette was guillotined on October 16, 1793. Months ago in January of that year, the new republic sentenced the Shah to death in a court for treason. On January 21, the king was executed by guillotine. In October, a month after the reign of terror that claimed the lives of tens of thousands of French people, Marie Antoinette went to court for treason and theft. In court, he was also falsely accused of sexually abusing his own son. Two days after the trial, a jury composed entirely of men found him guilty and sentenced to death.
The night before his execution, he wrote his last words to his brother Elizabeth, his wife. “I am as calm as a people with a clear conscience,” he wrote. Moments before the execution, when the priest approached him and told him to be brave, Marie Antoinette replied; “Courage?” “The moment my pain and suffering is about to end is not the moment that defeats my courage.”
Marie Antoinette Syndrome
Marie Antoinette Syndrome is a condition in which all of the hair suddenly turns white. There were rumors that all of the Queen of France’s hair had been bleached with guillotine the night before her execution, prompting the name of this rare but real medical syndrome to be borrowed from her story.
Marie Antoinette at a glance
Marie Antoinette was an Austrian prince.
Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI were very different in personality.
It took seven years for the future King of France and Marie Antoinette to mate and have children.
Marie Antoinette was a popular idol among aristocratic teenagers.
She was very interested in fashion and night parties.
The phrase “let them eat cake” did not come out of Marie Antoinette’s mouth.
He was executed by guillotine nine months after the king and his body was buried in an unmarked grave.
He was instrumental in inciting the French revolutionaries because of his extreme luxuries in times of poverty and hunger.