Plantar pain can be caused by a variety of factors. The curvature of the sole of the foot controls how the pressure is distributed in the foot area when performing activities such as walking. If the curvature of the sole of the foot or the soft tissues around it are affected, you may feel pain in all parts of the foot, knee, or lower back. Plantar pain also occurs when standing or walking for long periods. These conditions are often caused by weakness and stiffness of the muscles and tendons that maintain the curvature of the sole of the foot. In this article, we discuss the causes of plantar fasciitis and its treatment.
The curvature of the sole of the foot
There are 26 bones in the human foot. The bones of the ankle and sole of the foot are connected to each other and are supported by ligaments, joints and tendons to create curvature in the sole of the foot. There are two main curves in the foot area, which are the longitudinal curvature of the sole of the foot that extends along the foot and the transverse curvature of the sole of the foot that extends across the width of the foot.
The longitudinal curvature can be divided into two parts, which is the middle longitudinal curvature that exists in the inner area of the foot and the lateral longitudinal curvature that is located on the outer side of the foot. Note that any conditions that affect the curvature of the sole of the foot can cause plantar pain.
Common causes and reasons
In this article, 10 common causes of plantar fasciitis and its causes are examined, which are:
- Plantar fascia problems
The plantar fascia is a thick fibrous band that runs along the sole of the foot. The fascia helps to maintain the curvature of the sole of the foot and transmit force when moving in the foot area.
The most common problem in this regard is plantar fasciitis. Excessive stretching of the plantar fascia (for example, due to prolonged standing on the feet, a sudden increase in activity level, or a change in the position of the foot on the ground), the plantar fascia becomes inflamed and swollen. . This condition is often associated with heel spurs. In fact, heel spurs mean overgrowth of bone due to repeated stretching at the junction of the plantar fascia with the bone. If, over time, the fascioplantar band on the sole of the foot constantly presses against the heel bone, eventually a bony appendage forms at the junction of the two. Plantar fasciitis is applied to the heel bone mainly due to abnormal foot function or poor posture (when standing or walking, etc.). In fact, the same causes that cause plantar fasciitis (and heel spur pain) eventually lead to the formation of heel spurs and heel pain.
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of plantar fasciitis. These conditions are usually seen after activity or prolonged rest, such as when waking up and causing pain in the soles of the feet. For information on how to treat and prevent these conditions, read the materials provided in the section of plantar fasciitis.
A less common problem with plantar fascia that causes pain is plantar fibromatosis. This condition occurs when a bulge forms in the fascia of the sole of the foot. This bulge usually occurs in the middle of the curvature of the sole of the foot. This condition often causes pain when walking due to pressure on the sole of the foot due to a bulge. For more information on the causes, symptoms, and treatment options, see Foot Fibromatosis.
- Pressure fracture
Another common cause of pain in the toes and soles of the feet is pressure fractures. These fractures are usually caused by putting too much pressure on one of the bones of the foot as a result of activities such as jumping and running, and are especially seen in repetitive activities as well as when a person suddenly loses his level of activity. Increasing. Although the bone fracture may be very small in this case, the pain is very high.
Fractures caused by pressure on the bones of the sole of the foot or the ossicle can cause mild to severe pain in the sole of the foot. For more information on the causes, symptoms, and treatments, read the section on pressure fractures.
- Posterior tibial tendonitis
The posterior buttock muscle plays a very important role in supporting the mid-curvature of the sole of the foot. Posterior tibial tendonitis is usually caused by overuse of this muscle during activities such as high-contact sports such as football or tennis, or as a result of injuries such as falls. This condition can cause tendon inflammation or even rupture and can cause pain in the sole of the foot. This pain is usually exacerbated by exercise or standing for long periods of time. If this problem persists, the inside of the foot (curvature or mid-arch of the foot) will gradually lose its curvature, and this condition will eventually flatten the sole of the foot.
Posterior tibial tendonitis
A simple test to diagnose this condition is to stand on one foot and lift the body on the toes. If the person is unable to do this, he or she may have posterior tibial tendonitis. Treatments that can be used in this case usually include rest, ice therapy, movement exercises, the use of shoes and insoles, and physiotherapy.
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome
Tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when pressure is applied to the tibial nerve as it passes through the tarsal tunnel in the middle of the ankle bone. This condition can cause pain in the sole of the foot as well as a tingling sensation. In this case, the numbness in the heel is often extended to the thumb and three adjacent toes. In addition, these conditions may cause a feeling of heat and cold along the sole of the foot.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is the result of all the problems that limit the space in the tarsal tunnel area. Examples include cyst formation, bulges, bony appendages, and swelling in the ankle area due to injury or tumor.
The main goal of the treatment methods used for plantar fasciitis is to reduce pain in the sole of the foot. For example, to treat plantar fasciitis, you can use strengthening and stretching exercises, tight bandages and steroid injections in this regard. If the pain in the sole of the foot persists despite the use of these treatments, surgery may be necessary on the patient.
- Leg cramps
Leg cramps are caused by uncontrollable and sudden spasms of the leg muscles. These conditions are the most common causes of plantar fasciitis, but can be felt anywhere on the sole of the foot or below the knee. Usually, this pain lasts only for a few seconds, but in cases where the problem is more serious, the pain may continue for a long time.
Sometimes, there is no definite cause for leg cramps, but possible causes can include diet, muscle stiffness and weakness, dehydration, decreased blood circulation, and fatigue. Sometimes, these conditions can be a sign of more serious illness. Therefore, if you experience this problem frequently, see your doctor about it.
Some of the best ways to reduce the frequency of plantar fasciitis are to do exercise, heat therapy, drink plenty of water, use a toe stretcher, and make sure you wear the right shoes. For more information on the causes, symptoms, and treatments, read Foot Cramps.
- Athlete’s foot
Athlete’s foot problem is caused by a fungal infection, which in most cases is caused by poor foot hygiene or prolonged exposure to wet conditions. These conditions can cause dryness, scaling and itching in different parts of the foot and cause pain in the sole of the foot. Athlete’s foot problem can usually be treated by walking barefoot for a few days and proper foot hygiene. Occasionally, your doctor may prescribe antifungal medications.
- Flat soles
A flat foot, also called a flat foot, occurs when the curvature of the sole of the foot is completely removed and the entire sole of the foot is on the ground. Children are born with flat feet, but as they grow, the curvature of the soles of the feet gradually forms. However, curvature or arch of the sole of the foot never occurs in about 30% of people. This problem can also occur at older ages due to illness, pregnancy, injury, excessive pressure on the foot or as part of the aging process.
Many people with flat feet do not experience any particular symptoms or discomfort, but some people experience foot pain and problems such as knee pain or back pain. These people may experience rapid fatigue of their feet when standing or walking, and it is difficult for them to get up on their toes. People who suffer from foot pain due to flat feet can usually do so by exercising or using medical shoes (which have special insoles to correct the condition of the foot) as well as walking barefoot. Instead of wearing shoes, solve their problem.
A quick test to determine the flatness of the sole of the foot is to place the foot in a bucket of water and then place it on a flat surface such as thick paper. This way the person can have an image of their footprints. In this case, the larger the sole of the foot is visible in the image, the smoother the sole of the foot.
- Specific diseases
A number of diseases can cause pain in the sole of the foot. Examples include diabetes, osteoarthritis and obesity. These conditions can affect the condition and strength of bones, muscles, ligaments and tendons and cause pain in the sole of the foot.
- Wearing inappropriate shoes
It is clear that shoes play an important role in the feeling created in the feet. Usually, the cause of foot pain can be due to wearing inappropriate shoes, especially shoes that have a lower level of support than the curvature of the sole, or wearing shoes that are too tight.
Shoes are important when standing on your feet for a long time or doing sports activities such as jumping. The shoes we use should be protective of the foot, comfortable and soft. The shoe should also have a suitable arch surface to support the curvature of the sole of the foot and have a suitable width.
How to treat plantar fasciitis depends on the cause of the pain. In this case, diagnosing the cause of pain in its early stages plays a decisive role in choosing the best treatment for it. If the pain is mild to moderate, improving the condition of the shoe can help reduce the symptoms. In addition, anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers can sometimes be used to treat plantar fasciitis. For cases where the problem is more serious, steroid injections and shock wave therapy can be used to reduce the pain and swelling and improve the cause of the pain.
Also Read :